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Physics Department

Academic Programs

The Minor in Physics requires the successful completion of the following courses, totaling 24 credits as described below.

Required Courses (20 Cr.)

  • PHYS 242: Modern Physics with Lab (4)
  • PHYS 432: Quantum Mechanics (3)
  • PHYS 244: General Physics with Lab III (4)
  • PHYS 333: Classical Mechanics (3)
  • PHYS 331: Electromagnetism I (3)
  • PHYS 381: Modern Optics (3)

Elective Courses (4Cr.)

  • PHYS 334: Solid State Physics (3)
  • PHYS 336: Methods of Math. Physics (3)
  • PHYS 343: Introduction to Electronics (4)
  • PHYS 389: Projects in Physics (1)
  • PHYS 338: Thermal & Statist. Phys. (3)

These are in addition to the introductory physics courses required of science students, namely PHYS 131, PHYS 132 and PHYS 113. The Department offers the PHYS 133 for biology students and the PHYS121 for students in physiotherapy.

Description of courses

PHYS 113: Laboratory Practice (Cr. 1)

Laboratory work involves studies in the following areas: basic theory of various laboratory equipments, experiments of mechanical concepts, the use of electrical components and meters, power supplies, signal generators, oscilloscope, and DC and AC circuits.

Prerequisite: PHYS 131

PHYS 121: Physics for Physiotherapy (Cr. 2)

This is an introduction to the following subjects with emphasis on applications to the human body and equipment used by physiotherapists: forces, Newton’s three laws, rotational equilibrium, work and energy, momentum and collisions, electrostatic and Coulomb’s law, electric field and potential, DC and AC current circuits, diffraction, polarization, and reflection and refraction of waves.

PHYS 131: General Physics I (Cr. 3)

This is an introduction to the following subjects: vectors, particle kinematics and dynamics, work, conservation of energy and momentum, rotational kinematics and dynamics, conservation of angular momentum, and oscillations.

PHYS 132: General Physics II (Cr. 3)

This course studies gravitation, fluid mechanics, wave motion, temperature, heat and entropy, the first and second laws of thermodynamics, kinetic theory, the electric field, Gauss’s law, the electric potential, capacitance, current and resistance, and direct current circuits.

Prerequisite: PHYS 131

PHYS133: General Physics for Biology (Cr. 3)

This is an introductory course in general physics for students in biology. The course handles the following subjects: motion in one dimension, vectors, motion in two dimensions, Newton’s laws, statistics, work and energy, thermodynamics and thermal properties of materials, fluid mechanics, surface tension and osmosis, DC and AC currents, conduction in nerves, sound, wave properties of light, image formation, radioactivity, and introduction to nuclear physics.

PHYS 231: Introduction to Electronics & Practical with Lab (PHYS 003) (Cr. 3)

This course will cover passive components; identification, soldering and manufacturing techniques, basic electronic circuits, Laplace transforms, and filter analysis.

Prerequisite: PHYS 244 (concurrently)

PHYS 242: Modern Physics with Lab (PHYS 005) (Cr. 4)

This course incorporates the following topics: fundamentals of special theory of relativity, introduction to quantum mechanics, atomic physics, solid state physics, nuclear physics, and elementary particles.

Prerequisite: PHYS 132

PHYS 244: General Physics III with Lab (PHYS 006) (Cr. 4)

Magnetic fields, Faraday’s law, inductance, alternating current circuits, electromagnetic waves, geometric optics, interference, diffraction, and polarization.

Prerequisite: PHYS 132

PHYS 331: Electromagnetism I (Cr. 3)

This course introduces the field of electromagnetism covering the following topics: electrostatics and magnetostatics, microscopic theory of dielectrics, electric current, electric and magnetic fields and energies, boundary value problems, and Maxwell’s equations.

Prerequisite: PHYS 244 and MATH 234 (concurrently)

PHYS 332: Electromagnetism II (Cr. 3)

This is a continuation of PHYS 331, which focuses on Maxwell’s equations, electromagnetic waves in homogeneous isotropic media, and the theory of diffraction.

Prerequisite: PHYS 331

PHYS 333: Classical Mechanics (Cr. 3)

This is a course in the kinematics and dynamics of mass points, examples of a system of mass points, Lagrange’s equations, and mechanics of rigid media.

Prerequisite: PHYS 132 and MATH 234 (concurrently)

PHYS 334: Solid State Physics (Cr. 3)

This course introduces solid state physics which covers: crystal structure defects and dislocations, crystal diffraction and the reciprocal lattice, phonons, lattice vibrations, free electron Fermi gas, energy bands, semiconductor crystals, fermi surfaces, metals, and theories of conduction and magnetism.

Prerequisite: PHYS 242

PHYS 335: Astronomy (Cr. 3)

This course is an introduction to stellar distances, luminosities, classification of stars, variable stars, interstellar matter, the local galaxy, other galaxies, and the universe.

Prerequisite: PHYS 132

PHYS 336: Methods of Mathematical Physics (Cr. 3)

This course studies vector analysis, theory of analytic functions, special functions of mathematical physics, partial differential equations of mathematical physics, and theory of matrices.

Prerequisite: MATH 234

PHYS 338: Thermal & Statistical Physics (Cr. 3)

The course addresses the fundamentals of thermodynamics: equation of state, heat flow, entropy, and first and second laws of thermodynamics. Kinetic theory and various statistical methods are covered with applications to gases.

Prerequisite: PHYS 242

PHYS 339: Advanced Physics Laboratory (Cr. 3)

This course involves advanced experiments in various fields of physics with emphasis on the scientific methods for the acquisition and analysis of experimental data.

Prerequisite: PHYS 242

PHYS 343: Introduction to Electronics (PHYS 007) (Cr. 4)

This course provides an introduction to semiconductors, diodes, rectifiers, LED, transistors, properties of basic BJT and FET, in addition to CMOS, TTL and ICs. Digital and analogue amplifier stages, the operational amplifier, the fundamental concepts and circuits using standard ICs are also covered.

Prerequisite: PHYS 244

PHYS 381: Modern Optics (Cr. 3)

This course is a review of geometrical and wave optics, linear and circular polarization, coherence and interference, multiple-beam interferometry, Fraunhofer and Fresnel diffraction, atomic spectra, light-matter interaction, lasers, and holography.

Prerequisite: PHYS 242

PHYS 389: Projects in Physics (Cr. 1)

This course includes running an advance physics experiment, which varies from a student to another. Each student is required to present the results in a seminar forum.

PHYS 431: Nuclear and Elementary Particles Physics (Cr. 3)

In this course are introduced the following subjects: nuclear size, concepts of spin, parity and statistics; Alpha, Beta and Gamma decay; natural radioactivity; nuclear reactions; nuclear forces; fission and fusion; properties and interactions of elementary particles and the experimental techniques.

Prerequisite: PHYS 432.

PHYS 432: Quantum Mechanics (Cr. 3)

The course addresses studying fundamentals of quantum mechanics and practical proof, particle wave mechanics and examples such as the vibration movement, as well as Schroedinger’s equation solutions in three dimensions.

Prerequisite : PHYS336

PHYS 434: Plasma Physics (Cr. 3)

This is an introductory course in plasma physics. It consists of a description of the collisionless plasma, particle orbit theory, and Vlasov equation; the dielectric tensor, and wave propagation in cold plasma.

Prerequisite: PHYS 331.

PHYS 435: Devices and Application in Solid, State Physics (Cr. 3)

This is an introductory course that involves a study of metal-semiconductor contacts; p-n junction diodes; junction transistor, physical concepts of semiconductor devices; e.g. tunnel diodes; MIS: lasers gun effect; etc.; microelectronics.

Prerequisite: PHYS 242.

PHYS 438: Atomic and Molecular Physics (Cr. 3)

This course emphasizes the following: theory of angular momentum and spin and the addition of angular momenta: the Hydrogen and Helium atoms, many electron atoms and Hartree-Fock calculations, molecular vibrations and rotations, and the Hydrogen molecule.

Prerequisite: PHYS 432.

PHYS 439: Relativity (Cr. 3)

Postulates of special relativity, the Lorentz transformation, space-time vector algebra, relativistic dynamics, covariant form of electrodynamics, and tensor algebra in 4-dimensional space-time. Introduction to the general theory of relativity.

Prerequisite: PHYS 242.

Physics Department

Dr. Jamal Ghabboun
Tel: +972 2 2741241, Ext: 2387
Fax: +972 2 2744440

Frida Emerezian
Tel: +972 2 2741241, Ext: 2258
[ax: +972 2 2744440

Bethlehem University Foundation
Phone: +1-240-241-4381
Fax: +1-240-553-7691
Beltsville, MD USA
Bethlehem University in the Holy Land
Phone: +972-2-274-1241
Fax: +972-2-274-4440
Bethlehem, Palestine