Faculty of Science 

Bachelor of Science in Physics 

Description of courses



PHYS 113  Laboratory Practice (1 Cr.)

Laboratory work involves studies in the following areas: basic theory of various laboratory equipment, experiments of mechanical concepts, the use of electrical components and meters, power supplies, signal generators, oscilloscope, and DC and AC circuits.

Prerequisite: PHYS 131                 


PHYS 121  Physics for Physiotherapy (2 Cr.)       

This is an introduction to the following subjects with emphasis on applications to the human body and equipment used by physiotherapists: forces, Newton’s three laws, rotational equilibrium, work and energy, momentum and collisions, electrostatic and Coulomb’s law, electric field and potential, DC and AC current circuits, diffraction, polarization, reflection and refraction of waves. 


PHYS 131  General Physics I (3 Cr.)

This is an Introduction to the following subjects: vectors, particle kinematics and dynamics, work, conservation of energy and momentum, rotational kinematics and dynamics, conservation of angular momentum, oscillations.


PHYS 132  General Physics II (3 Cr.)

This course covers gravitation, fluid mechanics, wave motion , temperature, heat and entropy, the first and second laws of thermodynamics, kinetic theory, the electric field, Gauss’s law, the electric potential, capacitance, current and resistance, direct current circuits.

Prerequisite: PHYS 131


PHYS133  General Physics for Biology (3 Cr.)

This is an introductory course in General Physics for students in Biology. The course handles the following subjects: motion in one dimension, vectors, motion in two dimensions, Newton’s laws, statistics, work and energy, thermodynamics and thermal properties of materials, fluid mechanics, surface tension and osmosis, DC and AC currents, conduction in nerves, sound, wave properties of light, image formation, radioactivity, and introduction to nuclear physics.


PHYS231  Introduction to Electronics with Lab (3 Cr.)

This is an introductory course for Electronics. It includes the use and applications of simple electronic devices. The student will be familiarized with the ways of fabrications and learn how to connect principal circuits. Laplace transformation will be introduced in this course.

Prerequisite: PHYS244


PHYS 242  Modern Physics with Lab (PHYS 005) (4 Cr.)

This course incorporates the following topics: fundamentals of special theory of relativity, introduction to quantum mechanics, atomic physics, solid state physics, nuclear physics and elementary particles.

Prerequisite: PHYS 132


PHYS 244  General Physics III with Lab (PHYS 006) (4 Cr.)

 Magnetic fields, Faraday’s law, inductance, alternating current circuits, electromagnetic waves, geometric optics, interference, diffraction and polarization are covered.

Prerequisite: PHYS 132


PHYS 331  Electromagnetism I (3 Cr.)

This course introduces the field of electromagnetism covering the following topics: electrostatics and magnetostatics, microscopic theory of dielectrics, electric current, electric and magnetic fields and energies, boundary value problems, and Maxwell’s equations.

Prerequisite: PHYS 244 and MATH 234 (concurrently)


PHYS 332  Electromagnetism II (3 Cr.)

This is a continuation of Phys 331 and it focuses on Maxwell’s equations, electromagnetic waves in homogeneous isotropic media, and the theory of diffraction.

Prerequisite: PHYS 331


PHYS 333  Classical Mechanics (3 Cr.)

This is a course in the kinematics and dynamics of mass points, motion in resisting media, attenuated and forced harmonic motion, central forces, planets motion, rotating frames of reference, Lagrange’s equations, and mechanics of rigid media.

Prerequisite: PHYS 132 and MATH 234 (concurrently)


PHYS 334  Solid State Physics (3 Cr.)

This course introduces solid state physics which covers: crystal structure defects and islocations, crystal diffraction and the reciprocal lattice, phonons, lattice vibrations, free electron fermi gas, energy bands, semiconductor crystals, fermi surfaces, metals and theories of conduction and magnetism.

Prerequisite: PHYS 242


PHYS 335  Astronomy (3 Cr.)

This course is an introduction to stellar distances, luminosities, classification of stars, variable stars, interstellar matter, the local galaxy, other galaxies, and the universe.

Prerequisite: PHYS 132


PHYS 336   Methods of Mathematical Physics (3 Cr.)

This course studies vector analysis, theory of analytic functions, special functions of mathematical physics, partial differential equations of mathematical physics and theory of matrices. 

Prerequisite: MATH 234


PHYS 338  Thermal & Statistical Physics (3 Cr.)

The course deals with the fundamentals of thermodynamics: equation of state, heat flow, entropy, first and second laws of thermodynamics. Kinetic theory and various statistical methods will be covered with applications to gases.

Prerequisite: PHYS 242


PHYS 339  Advanced Physics Laboratory (3 Cr.)

This course involves advanced experiments in optical fibers; investigation of basic properties and applications as sensors and communication tools, x-ray diffraction and fluorescence, the four probe method, with emphasis on the scientific methods for the acquisition and analysis of the experimental data.

Prerequisite: PHYS 242


PHYS 343  Electronics (PHYS 007) (4 Cr.)

Introduction to semiconductors, diodes, rectifiers, LED, transistors will be covered. Also the properties of basic BJT and FET, in addition to CMOS, TTL and ICs. Digital and analogue amplifier stages, the operational amplifier, the fundamental concepts and circuits using standard ICs will also be investigated.

Prerequisite: PHYS 244


PHYS 381  Modern Optics (3 Cr.)

This course is a review of geometrical and wave optics, linear and circular polarization, coherence and interference, multiple-beam interferometry, Fraunhofer and Fresnel diffraction, atomic spectra, light-matter interaction, lasers, and holography.

Prerequisite: PHYS 242


PHYS 389  Projects in Physics (1 Cr.)

This course includes running an advance Physics experiment which varies from a student to another. Each student would be required to present his/her results in a Seminar Forum.


PHYS 431  Nuclear and Elementary Particles Physics (3 Cr.)

In this course the following subjects are introduced: nuclear size, concepts of spin, parity and statistics; Alpha, Beta and Gamma decay; natural radioactivity; nuclear reactions; nuclear forces; fission and fusion; properties and interactions of elementary particles and the experimental techniques. 

Prerequisite: PHYS 432


PHYS 432  Quantum Mechanics (3 Cr.)

The course addresses studying fundamentals of quantum mechanics and their practical proof, particle wave mechanics and examples such as the vibration movement as well as Schroedinger's equation solutions in three dimensions.

Prerequisite: PHYS336


PHYS 433  Bio- Medical Physics (4 Cr.)

Topics include production and measurement of x-rays and charged particles for nuclear medicine, interaction of radiation with biological materials, radiation Dosimetry, radiation safety, and physics of medical imaging, magnetic resonance imaging and lasers.

Prerequisites: PHYS 431, PHYS 381


PHYS 434  Plasma Physics (3 Cr.)

This is an introductory course in plasma physics. It consists of a description of the collisionless plasma, particle orbit theory and Vlasov equation; the dielectric tensor, and wave propagation in cold plasma. 

Prerequisite: PHYS 331


PHYS 435  Devices and Application in Solid, State Physics (3 Cr)

This is an introductory course which involves a study of metal-semiconductor contacts; p-n junction diodes; junction transistor, physical concepts of semiconductor devices; e.g. tunnel diodes; MIS: lasers gun effect; etc.; microelectronics.

Prerequisite: PHYS 242


PHYS 437  Nanophysics (3 Cr.)

The course aims at an introduction to basic principles of nanophysics allowing working in research and development in nanotechnology. The course will cover topics including Forces on the nanoscale level: electrostatics, van der Waals forces, Casimir force, applications to NEMS (Nano-Electromechanical Systems) and AFM (Atomic Force Microscopy). Electron tunneling and applications: tunneling spectroscopy, STM, electronic transport through quantum dots, Coulomb blockade.

Prerequisites: PHYS432, PHYS 338 and PHYS 334


PHYS 438  Computational Physics (4 Cr.)

This course gives a modern introduction to the basic methods in computational physics and an overview of the recent progress in scientific computing. Many examples from recent research in physics and related areas are given with the fortran program listing. Basic computational tools and routines, including the ones for differential equations, spectral analysis, and matrix operations, are dealt with through relevant examples, and more advanced topics, such as Monte Carlo simulations, molecular dynamics, and quantum computing are also treated.

Prerequisites: CAIS 131, PHYS 432 


PHYS 439: Relativity (3 Cr.)

Postulates of special relativity; the Lorentz transformation; space-time vector algebra; relativistic dynamics; covariant form of electrodynamics; tensor algebra in 4-dimensional space-time: introduction to the general theory of relativity.

Prerequisite: PHYS 242

Online Catalogs



Bethlehem University Foundation
Email: dc@bethlehem.edu
Phone: +1-202-526-6097
Fax: +1-202-526-6096
Washington, DC USA
Bethlehem University in the Holy Land
E-mail: info@bethlehem.edu
Phone: +972-2-274-1241
Fax: +972-2-274-4440
Bethlehem, Palestine

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