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This rare book written in English is entitled: “Jerusalem, the Topography, Economics, and History from the Earliest Times to A.D. 70,” and was published in 1907 (MCMVII). Its author, George Adam Smith, is Professor of Old Testament Language, Literature, and Theology in the United Free Church College, Glasgow (Scotland).

Map of Judea


This book, consisting of 497 pages, comes in two volumes and the above is volume I (one), which includes maps and illustrations. Interestingly, there is a page with a “transliteration of Semitic names” for further enlightenment of the readers.

Book I: “The Topography – Sites and Names” has 10 chapters, described briefly, as follows:

Chapters 1 and 2 of this rare book include sites of the city, facts and questions in the ancient topography; while chapters 3 and 4 are on geology, earthquakes, springs, and dragons. Chapter 5 takes up the waters of Jerusalem such as rainfall and other natural conditions, the springs, the identifications of the springs, the reservoirs, and aqueducts. In addition, chapters 6, 7, and 8 deal about Sion, Ophel, and “The City of David,” the Valley of Hinnom, and the Walls of Jerusalem. Finally, the last two chapters cover the name Jerusalem and its history, as well as other names for the city.

In order to preserve this rare book belonging to the Library’s Special Collections section, it has now been converted into digital format which can be accessed on the following link:

Bethlehem University Foundation
Phone: +1-240-241-4381
Fax: +1-240-553-7691
Beltsville, MD USA
Bethlehem University in the Holy Land
Phone: +972-2-274-1241
Fax: +972-2-274-4440
Bethlehem, Palestine